Pain in the hands and arms can be complex orthopedic conditions or simple overuse injuries, and everything in between.

Trigger Finger

Trigger finger develops as a result of the sheath (located near the palm) thickening. This causes the tendons that pass through the area to become irritated.
Causes: This condition is generally caused by overuse.
Symptoms: Pain and sometimes locking of the finger.
Conservative Treatments: Anti-inflammatory medication may be used while the condition heals.
Surgery: In extreme cases, surgery is needed to open the sheath.

Distal Radius Fracture

This condition is more commonly referred to as a broken wrist, and there is a wide range of degrees.
Causes: A distal radius fracture is usually caused by falling onto an outstretched arm.
Symptoms: Swelling, tenderness, bruising, pain, and visual deformity of the wrist.
Conservative Treatments: A splint or plaster cast might be used to keep the bone in place and allow the fracture to heal.
Surgery: For severe fractures, the bone is aligned surgically.

Elbow Fracture

An elbow fracture, also known as a broken olecranon, usually presents by itself as a result of an injury, but it can also be related to a more complex elbow injury.
Causes: A fall or direct blow to the elbow can result in an elbow fracture.
Symptoms: Swelling, bruising, tenderness, pain, numbness in fingers, and the inability to straighten the arm.
Conservative Treatments: A splint or sling is used to stabilize the elbow and allow the fracture to heal.
Surgery: In cases of more severe fractures, surgery is used to secure the bones in their rightful place.

Golfer’s Elbow

This condition is characterized by the inflammation of the tendons located outside of the elbow, where the tendons attach to the elbow’s bony bump.
Causes: Overuse commonly seen in individuals who frequently participate in golf, baseball, football, and weight training.
Symptoms: Stiffness, weakness, and numbness.
Conservative Treatments: Medications, icing, and physical therapy.
Surgery: The tendon may need to be repaired surgically if conservative treatments are not effective.

Tennis Elbow

This condition is characterized by the inflammation of the tendons located on the outside of the elbow.
Causes: Overuse is the main cause of tennis elbow. It is most common in athletes, carpenters, and painters.
Symptoms: Pain and weakened grip.
Conservative Treatments: Bracing, steroid injections, and physical therapy.
Surgery: The diseased muscle might be surgically removed if conservative treatments are not effective.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

This condition is characterized by the pressing of the nerve that runs from the hand to the forearm.
Causes: Heredity, overuse, and hormonal changes can all contribute to carpal tunnel syndrome.
Symptoms: The symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome often gradually worsen. They include pain and numbness and tingling in the hand and wrist.
Conservative Treatments: Bracing, activity modification, and steroid injections.
Surgery: Surgery may be needed to divide the top of the carpal tunnel and decrease pressure.

Dislocated Elbow

This condition is characterized by separation of the joint surfaces.
Causes: Falling onto an outstretched hand can cause the elbow to be forced out of its socket. The elbow can also become dislocated as a result of ligament and bone injuries.
Symptoms: Pain and sometimes visible deformity of the elbow.
Conservative Treatments: A doctor can manually realign the elbow. Slings, splints, and motion exercises can help to heal the elbow.
Surgery: in some cases, surgery to restore alignment and then repair the damaged ligaments is needed.