The legs are very susceptible to orthopedic issues and injuries. You use your legs all day while walking and completing normal activities, and expose your legs to even more strain if you participate in sports.
An anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear can range from a slightly stretched ACL to one that is completely torn in pieces. This injury can be accompanied by damage to surrounding cartilage or other ligaments
Causes: This injury is common in athletes because it is caused by overuse and strain.
Symptoms: Pain, swelling, tenderness, and decreased range of motion.
Symptoms: Physical therapy and bracing can be used as treatments in some patients.
Surgery: In some cases, such as a torn ACL in young athletes, the ligament may need to be rebuilt surgically in order to restore full range of motion in the knee.
Distal Femur Fracture
This is characterized by a break in the thigh bone, located right above the knee. There are many different degrees and severities of this kind of fracture.
Causes: This condition is usually caused by a severe injury, like a fall or car accident.
Symptoms: Swelling, bruising, pain, tenderness, and deformity of the leg or knee.
Symptoms: Bracing, casting, and skeletal traction may be used to heal a distal femur fracture.
Surgery: Surgery may be necessary to hold the bone in place and allow it to heal.
There is actually a wide range of conditions that result in pain around the knee, so runner’s knee is a more general term. The condition is common in runners and other athletes, like the name suggests.
Causes: Runner’s knee is generally caused by overuse.
Symptoms: Pain that worsens with activity, improper alignment, weakness, and dislocation.
Symptoms: Conservative treatments are often effective. They include bracing, compression, and reconditioning to restore strength.
Surgery: Surgery may be needed to realign the kneecap or remove damaged cartilage.
A hamstring strain can be a partial strain or a full tear, and it is an injury that occurs in the back of the thigh.
Causes: A strained hamstring is usually the result of overloading the muscle
Symptoms: Pain and swelling.
Symptoms: Elevation, rest, compression, and physical therapy can be used to treat a hamstring strain.
Surgery: If the strain is a full tear of the hamstring, surgery may be needed in order to reattach the hamstring to the bone.