Find out how a knee surgeon from San Jose Orthopedic Center can help you.
Seeing a knee surgeon in San Jose doesn’t have to be intimidating. Whether you have experienced a sports injury or are dealing with ongoing knee issues, our orthopedic surgeons have a lot of education and expertise when it comes to helping patients:
- Restore range of motion in their knee
- Relieve pain
Orthopedic surgeons are physicians who specialize in the treatment of injuries to tendons, muscles, joints, and tissues. In the field of orthopedics, surgeons find themselves treating many different types of knee injuries, including Sports-related injuries, fractures and dislocations, and torn muscles and tendons.
Our knee is the largest joint in our body, and it’s also the most complex. Connecting the thigh with the lower half of the leg, it supports nearly all of our weight, making it highly susceptible to a wide array of conditions and injuries. As such, there are numerous types of surgeries available for treatment of knee injuries. The precise complexity of surgery largely depends on which exact portion of the knee joint needs to be treated and which specific type of repair performed. Below is a list of the ten most common knee surgeries used to repair everything from a microfracture to torn ACL. Your knee surgeon in San Jose can help you decide on the best procedure for your condition or injury.
When the cartilage of the knee (meniscus) is torn or damaged, the end result is swelling and difficulty with movement. The most common form of repair is a meniscectomy. Usually performed arthroscopically, small incisions are made around the kneecap so very small surgical instruments and camera can be inserted to complete the surgical removal of the damaged meniscus.
With specific types of meniscal injuries, there are times when it’s possible to repair rather than completely remove the meniscus. Repair of the meniscus by your knee surgeon in San Jose is far more beneficial than complete removal, because it reduces the risk of possibly developing painful arthritic symptoms later in life. Meniscal repair is only possible if the tear has occurred on the outer aspect of the knee cartilage. If the injury is more centrally located, then the blood supply is not satisfactory and doesn’t allow for the meniscus to successfully repair itself.
Transplant of the Meniscus
Another form of repair is a meniscus transplantation. As the name implies, the damaged meniscus is replaced with a viable one from a suitable donor. This procedure is also highly beneficial because if successful, it helps to reduce the risk of arthritic symptoms in the future.
Patients may undergo a lateral release to relieve pain in the kneecap when it is not situated correctly and is pulled towards the outer perimeter of its specific groove. The goal of undergoing a lateral release is to realign the kneecap and improve patellar tracking. Patients usually elect to undergo surgery if their symptoms are unresponsive to physical therapy.
Injury to the highly sensitive tissue in the knee is known as a plica syndrome. It can be treated both surgically and non-surgically. When treating the plica, the main focus is to reduce inflammation and alleviate painful symptoms. For more severe cases, arthroscopic surgery may be performed by your knee surgeon in San Jose.
If the quadriceps and patellar tendons rupture, flexibility is impaired, particularly when trying to straighten the leg fully. Both of these tendons are positioned on the frontal portion of the knee, above as well as below the kneecap. Ruptured tendons usually are a result of a direct blow or fall. Surgical repair by your knee surgeon in San Jose will be required to repair both of the tendons.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Repair
Also known as the ACL, an injury to the anterior cruciate ligament is a very common injury among athletes. The ACL works to keep the knee stable. Although there are people who can function without an ACL, reconstruction is usually required when an injury is present. Tiny tears in the ACL can cause excruciating pain, as well as instability. When a repair is indicated, generally the hamstring and patellar tendons are used.
Unicompartmental Knee Replacements
A small percentage of patients diagnosed with osteoarthritis will undergo a unicompartmental knee replacement. This procedure entails removal of the damage portion and replacing it with plastic or metal components. Benefits of this type of procedure include:
- Small incisions
- The procedure is less complicated than a complete knee replacement
- Blood loss is much less
- Recovery is faster
Complete Knee Replacement
Individuals suffering from unrelenting pain due to severe osteoarthritis usually require a complete knee replacement in contrast to a partial knee replacement. Your knee surgeon in San Jose will assist you in choosing what is best for you.
Repair of Microfractures
Usually performed to relieve pain caused by damage to cartilage or avoid a knee replacement, microfracture surgery is also quite common in people who play sports. Performed arthroscopically, small incisions are made in the bone through which cells are released to increase blood flow and aid in healing.
When contemplating invasive knee surgery, consult with a highly qualified orthopedic surgeon is a must. Your physician will perform a thorough physical examination along with radiographic imaging in order to make an accurate diagnosis. Following this, your doctor will be able to advise you all of the possible treatment options. Prior to surgical intervention, a course of physical therapy and augmentation of physical activity will probably be suggested. In addition, knee injections may also be an option, depending on the type of injury or specific problem.
To schedule an appointment or initial consultation with a top knee surgeon in San Jose, Contact our office today. Feel free to ask us any questions that you might have about our diagnostics process or treatment options. Our goal is to help you experience full comfort in your knee while keeping your overall health and comfort in mind.